Android OS versions & its features (2008 - 2018)
Posted on 12 December 2017
Android is a most popular Operating System for mobiles which is used by more than 2 Billion Monthly Active Android Devices. It’s an open source software written in Linux and launched by Google in 2008. There are about 8 major versions of Android and Oreo (8.0) is a current version of android OS. Listed are the important features of each versions of Android OS
Android 1.0 doesn’t have any specific code name. Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Maps, pull down notification window and Android market are the main features of this version. This version of Android had only 35 apps. Android Market allowed application downloads and updates through the Market application
Android 1.5 – Cupcake
Android 1.5 was the first version to get a code name It was named as cupcake and launched in April 2009. The main feature of this version was animated transition effects. Other notable features include uploading videos to YouTube, uploading photos to Picasa, third-party virtual keyboards with text prediction and user dictionary for custom words.
Android 1.6 – Donut
Android 1.6 was launched in September 2009. Multi-Select Photos in gallery, 800 x 480 resolution screen support, Android search, voice search Functionality, Handwriting gestures are some of the important features in this version.
Android 2.0/2.1 – Eclair
Eclair was launched in October 2009 focusing on media features like flash support, scene mode, white balance, color effect & Digital zoom. Speech-to-text, Improved keyboard functionality and multiple home screens, Expanded Account sync and allowing users to add multiple accounts to a device for synchronization of email and contacts are other features of this version.
Android 2.2 – Froyo
Froyo was launched in May 2010 which included Speed, memory, performance optimizations and minor bug fixes. Froyo allowed the users to install the apps on SD card, 720p screens support, USB tethering and Wi-Fi hotspot functionality.
Android 2.3 – Gingerbread
Gingerbread was launched in December 2010. Internet telephone, video chat capability and NFC communications are main features of gingerbread. Support for multiple cameras on the device, voice or video chat support using Google Talk, Google Wallet for the Nexus S 4G are other notable features.
Android 3.0/3.1/3.2 – Honeycomb
Honeycomb was launched in February 2011 and was mainly designed for Tablets. Multiple browser tabs, incognito mode, Redesigned keyboard, Hardware acceleration and accurate on larger screen sizes, ability to encrypt all user data are features of Honeycomb.
Android 4.0 – Ice Cream Sandwich
Ice Cream Sandwich was launched in October 2011 and improved UI is major update of this version. Multicore CPU support, virtual buttons, Face Unlock feature and improved copy and paste functionality are some of the important features of ice cream sandwich. This version also provided features like Easier-to-create folders, with a drag-and-drop style, Pinch-to-zoom functionality in the calendar and Built-in photo editor.
Android 4.1 / 4.2 / 4.3 – Jelly Bean
Jelly Bean was launched in July 2012 with may bug fixes. Smoother UI, Enhanced accessibility, New clock application with built-in world clock, stop watch and timer, Group Messaging, Native emoji support are major features of Jelly Bean.
Android 4.4 - KitKat
KitKat was launched in October 2013. It runs fast, smooth, and responsively on a much broader range of devices. Low power consumption sensors, improved NFC communications, printing framework, translucent UI styling are main features of KitKat versions.
Android 5.0 / 5.1 - Lollipop
On November 2014 google launched Android Lollipop that mainly focused on Performance. High-performance graphics, powerful audio, Screen capturing and sharing and Document-centric apps are main features of Lollipop version
Android 6.0 - Marshmallow
Marshmallow was launched in October 2015. Audio Manager changes, Text Selection, Browser Bookmark Changes, Android KeyStore Changes and USB Connection are main updates of this version.
Android 7.0 - Nougat
Nougat was launched in August 2016. Scoped Directory Access, Direct Boot, Messaging Service Active Notifications and Multi-Window Playground are main updates in this version
Android 8.0 - Oreo
Oreo was launched in August 2017. Autofill Framework, Downloadable Fonts, Picture-in-Picture Mode, Notification Channels, Background Execution Limits, Background Location Restrictions and audio are main updates in Oreo.